How Do Braces Work?
When a person is getting San Antonio braces, there are some basic things that they can learn to understand what allows the braces to re-position, and to straighten their teeth. There are basic aspects to braces that include the brackets, the arch wire, and the O-rings. Also, if needed, people might have to use mini elastic bands, if they have an over-bite or an under-bite.
To begin with, brackets are applied with bonding glue, and then they are encased over the back molars for the braces structure to have a start and end foundation. On the same note, the brackets that are placed onto each tooth are also an anchor point and foundation for the arch wire.
Once the molar brackets have been fit into place, brackets will also be attached to the front of each of the teeth, on the top and bottom rows. The brackets are attached to the front of each tooth using the same bonding material that was used for the molars.
After the brackets have been fit into place on each tooth, the part of the braces that does all the work, the arch wire, is then installed into place. The orthodontist will install the arch wire into place by clamping the arch wire into each one of the brackets onto the teeth; the securing of the arch wire is done by tightening the O-rings into place.
The O-rings come in a variety of colors, and are changed at each orthodontist visit. For one, the O-rings become dirty, but they also lose their tensile strength. Lastly, the mini elastic bands are used to attach from the top and bottom molar brackets to help with over-bites or under-bites.
When the arch wire is tightened at each dental visit, this will cause the teeth to shift in the direction of the wire. When the arch wire puts pressure onto the teeth, the membrane in the gums loosens, while the other side of membrane remains tough. This allows the teeth to shift slowly, and re-adjust so that they are straight. Braces are generally worn for at least two to three years; although, it’s patient specific, so five years is not unheard of for braces.
After the braces have been removed, the patient will then be given a retainer to wear. These retainers hold the teeth in position, until the membrane on both sides of the teeth has time to harden to secure the teeth into place permanently. Patients are advised to wear their retainers for the first few months, day and night. Afterwards, the retainers can typically be worn at night. However, it’s crucial that retainers are worn for the proper amount of time so that the patient’s teeth do not go back to their old positions.